Plant, Microbial lipids and Essential Oils

Terpenes are the components of essential oils, which diverge from fatty oils as they do not have glycerides of fatty acids. Several essential oils comprise saturated and unsaturated aliphatic, aromatic, terpene, sesquiterpene, mono and bicyclic hydrocarbons, and the oxygen derivatives like aldehydes, alcohols, esters, ketones, lactones, ethers of acids, and oxides also heterocyclic compounds.

Lipids, lipophilic constituents and essential oils are extensively used in the food industry, engineering, pharmacy, perfumery and cosmetics, for the manufacture of lacquers and colours. Essential oils are situated in the flowers and leaves of plants and citrus fruits. Further in plants, lipids are most frequently concentrated in the seeds and fruits.

Terpenes are the components of essential oils, which diverge from fatty oils as they do not have glycerides of fatty acids. Several essential oils comprise saturated and unsaturated aliphatic, aromatic, terpene, sesquiterpene, mono and bicyclic hydrocarbons, and the oxygen derivatives like aldehydes, alcohols, esters, ketones, lactones, ethers of acids, and oxides also heterocyclic compounds.

 

  • Detoxification
  • Lipid peroxidation
  • Repellant and insecticidal activity
  • Cytotoxicity
  • Cancer chemoprotective activity
  • Anti-inflammatory activity
  • Antifungal activity
  • Antioxidant activity
  • Antibacterial activity

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